Background and Aims
The role of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in Barrett’s esophagus (BE) is not well established. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ESD for the management of early BE neoplasia.
Three online databases were searched. The Cochran Q test and I2 were used to test for heterogeneity. Pooling was conducted using either fixed- or random-effects models depending on heterogeneity across studies. For the main outcomes, potential sources of heterogeneity were evaluated via linear regression analysis.
Eleven studies (501 patients, 524 lesions) were included. Mean lesion size was 27 mm (95% confidence interval [CI], 20.9-33.1). Pooled estimate for en bloc resection was 92.9% (95% CI, 90.3%-95.2%). The pooled R0 (complete) and curative resection rates were 74.5% (95% CI, 66.3%-81.9%) and 64.9% (95% CI, 55.7%-73.6%), respectively. There was no association between R0 or curative resection rates and study setting (Asia vs West), length of BE, lesion characteristics, procedural time, or length of follow-up. The pooled estimates for perforation and bleeding were 1.5% (95% CI, .4%-3.0%) and 1.7% (95% CI, .6%-3.4%), respectively. Esophageal stricture rate was 11.6% (95% CI, .9%-29.6%). Incidence of recurrence after curative resection was .17% (95% CI, 0%-.3%) at a mean follow-up 22.9 months (95% CI, 17.5-28.3).
ESD for early BE neoplasia is associated with a high en bloc resection rate, acceptable safety profile, and low recurrence after curative resection. ESD should be considered as part of the armamentarium for the management of BE neoplasia.